This week, Pastor Chris continued in our Romans series with a message about repentance and Jesus’ power to forgive. It is easy to see how something is deeply broken in the world around us, but often it is more difficult to see or acknowledge the brokenness in our own heart. Just as sin causes chaos in the world, it seeks to destroy our lives and relationships as well. Through the gift of repentance, Jesus is faithful to forgive and we are truly set free from the bondage of sin.

Genesis 3:1–13 (ESV)
1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?” 2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, 3 but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’ ” 4 But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. 5 For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate. 7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths. 8 And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. 9 But the LORD God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?” 10 And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.” 11 He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” 12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.” 13 Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

• Sin is any failure to conform to the moral law of God in act, attitude, or nature.

1 John 1:8–10 (ESV)
8 If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 10 If we say we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.

1 John 3:4–5 (ESV)
4 Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness. 5 You know that he appeared in order to take away sins, and in him there is no sin.

Matthew 5:29–30 (ESV)
29 If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into hell. 30 And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body go into hell.

Facts About Sin…
• Sin redefined what is right.
• Sin redefined identity.
• All sin is deceptive and irrational.

1. The Work of Adam

Romans 5:12 (ESV)
12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—

3 Distinct Manifestations of Death Through Sin
1) Spiritual Death (Eph. 1:1-2; 4:18).
2) Physical Death (Heb. 9:27).
3) Eternal Death (Rev. 20:11–15).

Romans 5:13–14 (ESV)
13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.

Evidence of Original Sin
(1) We all physically die (Ro. 6:23a; 3:23; 5:12-14; Ge. 2:15-17).
(2) We are all naturally distant from the true God.
(3) We are all in need of effort to do the true ways of God, such as sharing, cooperating, unselfishness.
(4) We all inevitably commit our own sins.
(5) We all probably would have done the same sin as Adam/Eve if we had been there as an adult.

2. The Work of Jesus

Romans 5:15–19 (ESV)
15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ. 18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men. 19 For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.

Who’s Your Daddy?

–Sin appears through our failure in Adam.
–Our damnation is related to Adam in Eden.
–In a natural way, Adam’s sin is our sin.
–In Adam all die.
–Sin appeased through our faith in Christ.
–Our salvation is related to Christ on the Cross.
–In a supernatural way, Christ’s sacrifice is our sacrifice.
–In Christ all live.

Romans 5:20–21 (ESV)
20 Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.


Discussion Questions:

  1. Pastor Chris talked about three types of death- spiritual, physical and eternal. Were you previously aware of this? How does it affect your understanding of the gospel and eternity?
  2. How does the comparison of Adam and Christ shape your understanding of humanity’s fall and redemption?
  3. The Lord is faithful and true to forgive IF we repent. Are there things that keep you from repenting more regularly or quickly?
  4. Is the idea of abounding grace (bottomless, unending, more than enough) difficult or easy for you to understand and live in? How would understanding God’s abounding grace more fully change your thoughts about God, your interaction with God and your life?

**Some of the discussion questions derived from Bible Hub (https://biblehub.com/questions/romans/4.htm)**

Application Questions:

  1. Ask the Lord to search your heart this week and show you if there is unconfessed sin in your heart. Spend time repenting before the Lord. Is there a person you should repent before as well?
  2. Ask the Lord to show you if you are living under the Law/ Adam (are you hard on yourself?) or are you living under grace/ Jesus?


Join us for an in-person service at City Central Church in Tacoma, WA
Sundays at 9am + 11am